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ISSN : 1226-6809(Print)
ISSN : 2466-0698(Online)
Correction Review Vol.90 No. pp.29-59

A Study on Current Status of Online Sexual Exploitation of Children and Young People and Digital Platform Regulations: Focusing on the Online Child Sexual Exploitation Laws in the United States, Canada and Australia

Lee Jeongmin**, Kim Seungwon***, Kim Seunghye****, Min Jiyun*****, Bae Mingyeong******, Lee Sujeong*******
**Masters degree, Gyeonggi University/First Author.
***Masters degree, Gyeonggi University/Co-Author.
****Masters degree, Gyeonggi University/Co-Author.
*****Masters degree, Gyeonggi University/Co-Author.
******Masters degree, Gyeonggi University/Co-Author.
*******Professor in department of Forensic Psychology, Gyeonngi University/Corresponding Author.


The number of digital sexual exploitation crimes has significantly increased via online platforms including global mobile messaging apps and anonymous random chats, causing persistent harm to victims. In particular, such online sexual exploitation crimes often target children and adolescents, and perpetrators are difficult to apprehend because of the development of information and communication technology. The recurring problem of online sexual exploitation is due to the development and transformation of complementary platforms despite the arrest of service users. Although there are fundamental bases in Korea to punish digital platforms, internet service providers, and operators in which digital sexual exploitation materials are distributed, there are no real-life cases of application. This study aims to explore ways to punish domestic platforms in the future through the process of introducing and analyzing current laws and precedents related to online sexual exploitation in foreign countries. The three countries, including the United States., Canada, and Australia, present the definition of terms related to digital sexual exploitation, related laws and applied precedents, and measures of remedy of victims. As a result of the analysis, it is understood that there are no cases in Korea in which an online platform that has displayed and sold sexual exploitation material was punished. However, as awareness of digital sexual exploitation has grown around the U. S., the number of cases and lawsuits that strictly sanction the platform has increased. In Korea, while considering the practical problems related to the punishment of digital platforms, there is a need for systematic regulations to extend the responsibility for indiscriminate distribution of sexual exploitation and the duty of monitoring to the platform.